Nowadays progress in society, science, and technology is closely linked to the advances in IT and computing technologies. From healthcare to finance, transportation to manufacturing, agriculture to chemical industry: computing technologies affect almost every aspect of the modern economy. With the increasing complexity of problems, we seek to solve, as well as environmental impact of these technologies, there is a growing need for accessible, scalable, and more powerful computing that is also energy efficient.
In this paper we provide an overview of some of the most prominent technological approaches that promise to expand the current computing landscape by offering advantages in terms of computing power scaling, energy efficiency and applicability to a new range of problems. Our goal is to offer guidance to anyone who seeks to gain a better understanding of the currently emerging computing landscape and to help evaluate these approaches based on potential benefits for businesses in the future.